Browse archive

Review article

Sanja Seljan

Kristina Vučković

Zdravko Dovedan

 

Summary

Every language, whether it is natural or artificial, has its recognizable grammar that consists of allowed elements and rules for putting those elements together. The main aim of the formal grammar is to represent rules for generation of the artificial or natural languages. While artificial languages (such as note system, logic, mathematics, programming languages) are described by context-free formal grammar aiming to describe syntax, natural languages tend to be described by context-sensitive rules aiming to include, as much as possible, syntactic and semantic component. Among many formal grammars that tend to describe as much as possible the natural language sentences, in this paper two context-sensitive grammars will be presented: Lexical-Functional Grammar and Case Grammar that aim to include semantic roles (such as agent, theme, beneficiary, goal, location, etc.) in order to represent the natural language sentences.

 

Keywords

formal grammar, natural language, context-sensitive grammar, lexical-functional grammar, case grammar

 

Articles download statistics

Contact

Address:
Ivana Lučića 3
10000 Zagreb
Croatia

Main contact:
Mislava Bertoša
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Visitorcounter

Today 35

Week 118

Month 605

All 327329

Currently are 21 guests and no members online