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Original scientific paper

Luka Vukojević; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Summary

In the paper the author tries to systematize terminological subsystems of recent syntactic theories, e. g. the subsystem of functional categories, functional word–classes (with the sufix –ator: relativizator, komplementizator, determinator or –ikator: intenzifikator, modifikator etc.), the subsystem of some multiword conjunctions and the subsystem of syntactic adverbials. Special attention is paid to the term of the unit of grammatical structure below sentence level, and above the level of the syntactic unit, i. e. the term sure~enica, which denotes a special kind of syntactic unit which enters into a serious terminological clash with the term parataksa which has the same meaning and a long syntactic tradition.
Regarding the subsystem of terms of functional categories and functional word–classes, we think that taking into consideration the possibilities of derivation of units of that subsystem, it would be more productive, more appropriate and better to derive these term categories with suffixes–ator and –ikator. We also suggest that for all multiword conjunction units regardless of their morphological origin and structure the term conjunction groups (vezni~ke skupine) be used, which is in our opinion the most neutral.
According to the constituents of complex sentences an overview of terms in use is given and it is shown that main and dependent clauses should be differentiated.
We consider that the terms parataxis and hypotaxis should be used in their broadest sense, i.e. in the sense of independent complex sentence and dependent complex sentence, so that the term parataxis denotes independent constructions regardless of whether the means of conjunction has been expressed or not. In accordance to this the term hypotaxis should denote dependent constructions regardless of whether the means of conjunction has been expressed or not. The term parataxis would then be the hyperonime of the term coordination (and it would include conjunctionless independent sentences and every connector or connectorless conjunction of text units in an independent text unit), and the term hypotaxis would in the same way be the hyperonime of the term subordination. The terms coordination and subordination could then denote independent or dependent sentence and text conjunction with the expressed coordinator/subordinator. We strongly express the view that the term paratactic sentences as described by Hoeksem and Napoli is not the best of choices.
For these constructions we suggest the term juxtaposition hypotactic sentences, as this term stresses two important features of these constructions, i. e. that these constructions are hypotactic
and that the subordinator (i. e. lower correlator) is not explicated. This term includes such text constructions as well.

 

Keywords

syntactic terminology; linguistic terminology; Croatian

 

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