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Original scientific article
Lidija Šaravanja, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Poslijediplomski sveučilišni studij Jezikoslovlje 

 


Summary

This paper is based on the theoretical framework of generative grammar and uses its methodology for studying the behaviour of psychological predicates in Croatian, and for studying the integration of arguments within their argument structure. It observes syntactic, morphosyntactic and semantic features of the predicates in context of other similar research in the English language (Grimshaw, 1990, Radford, 1998). Based on the integration of syntactic and semantic properties of their arguments, psychological predicates are divided into two groups, named in several different ways in English. In this paper they are called psihološki glagoli doživljavanja (PGD) ’psychological verbs of experiencing’ and psihološki glagoli uzrokovanja (PGU) ’psychological verbs of causing’. Besides having other distinctive features, the two
groups differ in the manner of aligning syntactic and semantic prominence of their arguments, whereas the existence of the external argument is being determined not only by its position in the V’ interprojection, but also by the overlapping of the syntactic category of subject and the semantically most prominent argument in the argument structure (Grimshaw, 1990). Author’s intention in the second part of the paper is to determine category selection features of all possible appearances of internal and external arguments in the argument structure of PGDs and PGUs, as well as to determine the morphosyntactic features of the ways verbs transform from one group into the other. While observing the processes of nominalization and anaphora binding, it becomes apparent that the additional criteria are necessary for determining the
external argument or the subject of a clause, because some conclusions based on studying English phenomena do not apply to every situation in Croatian. This mostly refers to including the pragmatic criterion to the applied levels of analysis. The paper defines certain regularities in the behaviour of the argument structure of psychological predicates, yet some questions are left open for further research.

Keywords

psychological verbs; argument structure; generative grammar; Croatian language

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