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Barbara Štebih; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Institut za hrvatski jezik i jezikoslovlje, Zagreb

 

Sažetak

In the paper the models of R. Filipović, J. Ajduković, J. Grotzky and V. Piškorec are analyzed. According to the author the basic drawbacks of the existing models are that they start from the assumption that in linguistic borrowing the word formation of the model is analyzed and that adaptation processes and word formation processes motivated by the loan in the recipient language are not sufficiently differentiated. On the basis of the analysis of Germanisms in the Kajkavian literary language the author modifies the existing models and introduces terminological innovations such as: initial form, contactological transcategorization, perceptual univerbization, contactological compenzation. She determines that the relationship between the forms of the replica and the model can be described as the relationship of etalone and the methaplasm, where the methaplasm is formed by zero process, addition, substitution or most frequently change. She concludes that transmorphemizational analysis has to be adapted to certain word classes, i. e. that its starting point have to be grammatical categories specific for each of them (i. e. in nouns gender in verbs aspect). She also stresses that it is important to differentiate between transmorphemization and word formation motivated by loans.

 

Ključne riječi

morphological adaptation; loan words; Germanisms; Kajkavian literary language; Croatian language

 

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